Course code:



M - Intermediate

Lab fee:


The manner in which animals survive in extreme environments or function at levels that far exceed human capacities has always fascinated us.

In this course, we examine how an animal’s physiology fashions its functional capacities under various environmental conditions. We explore the interrelationships between physiology, behavior, and ecology using an integrated and evolutionary approach in order to understand regulatory responses in changing environments.

Major areas to be covered include thermoregulation, behavioral energetics, and osmoregulation. Emphasis is placed on vertebrate systems to elucidate general patterns in physiological attributes. This course has two lecture/discussion sessions per week and students are evaluated on class participation, a series of take-home exams, and a class presentation.



Biology I & II, or equivalent.

Always visit the Registrar's Office for the official course catalog and schedules.