Course code:



MA - Intermediate/Advanced

Lab fee:


This course focuses on the ecological and evolutionary consequences of associations formed between organisms that are markedly different in form and function.

A diverse array of interactions ranging from pollination and termite digestion to hitch-hiking mites are examined in order to explore the role of symbioses in biological systems. In this context we explore the changing conceptions of the major divisions of life; current models for explaining the origin of eukaryotes, angiosperms, and two-sex systems; coevolution; keystone species, and models for assessing mutualism and parasitism within an ecological context.

Evaluations are based on ability to read and critique primary scientific literature, class participation, and the completion of a term project.


Biology I and II and Ecology.

Always visit the Registrar's Office for the official course catalog and schedules.