Course code:



M - Intermediate

Class size limit:


Meets the following requirements:

  • ES - Environmental Science

Lab fee:


Typically offered:

Once every three years

Despite uniform rules of development, seed plants exhibit an incredible range of forms including succulent cacti, bug-eating sundews, dainty annuals, and leafless parasites. These differences in form often are correlated with habitat and life history parameters such as nutrient and water availability, herbivores, light quality, and modes of perennation. In this course we begin by examining the morphological development and organization of seed plants from inception in the seed to reproductive maturity. With this general developmental framework, we then examine whole plant and organ level patterns of variation, modification, and ecological specialization that underlie the variation in form observed today. Evaluations are based on laboratory quizzes, paper, midterm, and final exam.


Biology: Cellular Processes of Life or permission of instructor

Always visit the Registrar's Office for the official course catalog and schedules.